Constraining Urban Growth - Auckland City (2011)

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Introduction

Auckland is New Zealand’s largest city with a population of 1,303,068 <ref> [Auckland Regional Council. (2006). People of the Auckland region: 2006 Census Series. Retrieved from Auckland Regional Council website 26 Sept 2011. URL: http://www.arc.govt.nz/albany/fms/main/Documents/Auckland/Population%20and%20stats/People%20of%20the%20Auckland%20region%202006.pdf]</ref> which is 30% of New Zealand’s total population. It is the center of commerce and industry, and is a vibrant, bustling and multicultural city. The city's landscape is dominated by volcanic hills, the twin harbors, bays, beaches and islands. Its nickname 'the city of sails' is very fitting as Auckland has more boats per capita than anywhere else in the world. A challenge Auckland faces is the ever-growing population. This has resulted in serious urban growth where the city now covers 2% of New Zealand’s land area<ref> [Auckland Regional Council. (2006). People of the Auckland region: 2006 Census Series. Retrieved from Auckland Regional Council website 26 Sept 2011. URL: http://www.arc.govt.nz/albany/fms/main/Documents/Auckland/Population%20and%20stats/People%20of%20the%20Auckland%20region%202006.pdf]</ref>. Population increased 6.4% between the 1991 and 2001 census and was the second highest numeric increase in New Zealand <ref> [Auckland Regional Council. (2006). People of the Auckland region: 2006 Census Series. Retrieved from Auckland Regional Council website 26 Sept 2011. URL: http://www.arc.govt.nz/albany/fms/main/Documents/Auckland/Population%20and%20stats/People%20of%20the%20Auckland%20region%202006.pdf]</ref>. This illustrates the strong population growth in the region and in New Zealand as a whole.
Image of Auckland City
<ref>[1].</ref>

To manage Auckland’s growth in a sustainable manner the regions councils developed and adopted a growth strategy, 'The Regional Growth Strategy: 2050’. This is a 50 year plan for future growth of the region with the purpose of accommodating growth in the way that best meets the objectives of the Auckland community. The strategy gives a vision of a futuristic Auckland with a larger population and sets out tools and mechanisms to allow for and achieve this. However, since the initiation of the new unitary Auckland Council a new strategy within the Auckland Plan will succeed the RGS in February 2012 when the Auckland Plan is completed.

Our group objectives are to research the approach taken by Auckland city to constrain city growth, to compare this strategy with Melbourne and Vancouver, to assess the progress and challenges arising from the strategy to date, and to predict how this approach will work in the future.


Contents

Growth

Regional Growth Strategy

Long Term Sustainability Framework

Evaluation

Case Study:Melbourne 2030

Case Study: Vancouver, Canada

Future

Recommendations

References